Legionella Virulence Genes

Research arrays

  • Legionella pneumophila-identification of 66 virulence genes
    For the last five years, Legionella sp. infections and legionnaire's disease in Poland have been receiving a lot of attention, because of the new regulations concerning microbiological quality of drinking water. This was the inspiration to search for and develop a new assay to identify many virulence genes of Legionella pneumophila to better understand their distribution in environmental and clinical strains. The method might be an invaluable help in infection risk assessment and in epidemiological investigations. Material/Methods: The microarray is based on Array Tube technology. It contains 3 positive and 1 negative control. Target genes encode structural elements of T4SS, effector proteins and factors not related to T4SS. Probes were designed using OligoWiz software and data analyzed using IconoClust software. To isolate environmental and clinical strains, BAL samples and samples of hot water from different and independent hot water distribution systems of public utility buildings were collected. Results. We have developed a miniaturized DNA microarray for identification of 66 virulence genes of L. pneumophila. The assay is specific to L. pneumophila sg 1 with sensitivity sufficient to perform the assay using DNA isolated from a single L. pneumophila colony. Seven environmental strains were analyzed. Two exhibited a hybridization pattern distinct from the reference strain. Discussion: The method is time- and cost-effective. Initial studies have shown that genes encoding effector proteins may vary among environmental strains. Further studies might help to identify set of genes increasing the risk of clinical disease and to determine the pathogenic potential of environmental strains.

    Abstract from paper:
    Development of a miniaturized DNA microarray for identification of 66 virulence genes of Legionella pneumophila. Zak M, Zaborowski P, Baczewska-Rej M, Zasada AA, Matuszewska R, Krogulska B. Postepy Hig Med Dosw (Online). 2011 Dec 20;65:838-48.


Alere Technologies provides customized manufacturing of microarrays mounted in ArrayTubes and/or ArrayStrips. You decide which markers/genes you focus on.

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List of referring online publications.